I recently visited Viper Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to see the ruins of a gallows atop a hillock.
The Viper Island Gaol was abandoned when the Cellular Gaol was constructed in 1906.
Solitary cells, lock-ups, stocks and whipping stands characterised the Viper Jail. Women were among the prisoners there.
The conditions at the jail were such that the place got the notorious name, ‘Viper Chain Gang Jail.’ Those who had challenged the might of the British authority were chained together and confined at night by a chain running through coupling of irons around their legs. It was at this jail that members of the Chain Gang were put to hardest labour.